|Smith Corona Personal Word Processor PWP 3 Electronic Typewriter $79.00FREE Shipping
Smith Corona is a US manufacturer of thermal labels, direct thermal labels, and thermal ribbons used in warehouses for primarily barcodelabels. Once a large U.S. typewriter and mechanical calculatormanufacturer,
it expanded aggressively during the 1960s to become a broad-based
industrial conglomerate whose products extended to paints, foods, and
paper. The mechanical calculator sector was wiped out in the early 1970s
by the production of cheap electronic calculators, and the typewriter
business collapsed in the mid-1980s due to the introduction ofPC-based word processing. Smith Corona did address this by manufacturing word processing typewriters such as PWP 1400 model. Its competitors were Brother, Olivetti, Adler, Olympia and IBM.
In late 2010, Smith Corona entered the industrial ribbon and label
market. The company no longer manufacturers typewriters or calculators,
but does manufacture large quantities of barcode and shipping labels and
thermal ribbons used in thermal transfer printers. Their facility is in Cleveland, OH. Smith Corona now competes with distributors of Zebra Technologies supplies, packaging companies like Uline and various other private companies.
Smith Premier Typewriter Co. at Syracuse, New York in c. 1908
Premier Typewriter Co. at Syracuse, New York c.1910 – The Smith Premier
factory seen here was begun in early March 1903 and was completed in
about four months. The factory was shut down around 1921 when the Smith
Premier Typewriter Company was absorbed fully by Remington Typewriter
Company. This is the street side view; powerhouse and rail spur are
behind, on the right out of view.
The company originated in 1886, when the Smith Premier Typewriter Company was established by brothers; Lyman Cornelius Smith, Wilbert Smith, Monroe C. Smith and Hurlburt Smith. The brothers created the first machine to use both uppercase and lowercase letters. This
was accomplished with a unique feature that made use of a double
keyboard. The advertisements "cunningly boasted" that there was "a key
for every character!" In 1887, the Smith-Premier, the first typewriter to bear the Smith name, was manufactured in Lyman C. Smith's gun factory on South Clinton Street in Syracuse, New York. Alexander T. Brown, an employee, invented the machine, and Wilbert Smith financed the construction of the prototype. Lyman
Smith and Wilbert Smith owned a gun factory in Syracuse and after they
hired Brown he sparked Wilburt's interest in financing and improving
typewriters. The parts of a typewriter are surprisingly similar to those
of a shotgun "so producing the typewriter at the gun factory was logical and easy."
was going so well, in 1888, the Smith brothers discontinued shotgun
production and strictly produced typewriters with the help of their
younger brothers, Monroe Smith and Hurlbut Smith.
Eldest brother, Leroy Smith, invented the Peerless typewriter in 1891, which "greatly resembled" the Smith-Premier.
It had the same double keyboard with 76 characters and also had "blind
type" so the typist could not see what was being printed.
Lyman C. Smith, One of the founders of Smith Premier Typewriter Co., December 31, 1903
Hurlburt W. Smith, One of the founders of Smith Premier Typewriter Co., July 29, 1904
Union Typewriter Company
During 1893, Smith joined with the Union Typewriter Company, a trust in Syracuse which included rival firms Remington, Caligraph, Densmore and Yost.
long after, Union took action and blocked the Smith Premier Typewriter
Company from using the new front strike design, which allowed typists to
see the paper as they typed. As a result, the Smith brothers quit in
1903 and founded L. C. Smith & Bros. Typewriter Company.
The new company soon released the "L.C. Smith & Bros. Model No. 2",
which was an odd beginning because, a full year later, they released
the "L.C. Smith & Bros. Model No. 1." Carl Gabrielson was the
inventor of both No. 1 and No. 2 models.
In 1906, the Rose Typewriter Company of New York City marketed the first successful portable typewriter. They were "bought out" by Smith in 1909 and the company moved upstate to Groton, New York. At that time, the firm was renamed Standard Typewriter Company.
This Smith Premier typewriter, purchased around the end of the 19th century, was found abandoned in the Bodie, California ghost town.
promote usage of the typewriter, the company began by offering typing
services at the company headquarters located at the corner of East
Genesee and Washington streets in Syracuse. An advertisement on December
27, 1904, for Smith Premier typewriters, touted the Employee Department which offered services such as finding a "competentstenographer (male
or female) to operate any make of machine." The company advertised they
could provide the services promptly, saving clients time and trouble
and "examining" all applicants. Operators could perform duties such as
stenographer, typewriter, telegrapher and bookkeeper.
Corona Typewriter Company
Corona typewiter, 1920–22.
Smith-Corona as used at a newspaper in Saskatoon around 1910.
the success of their Corona model in 1914, Standard Typewriter Company
was renamed again and became the Corona Typewriter Company. Smith Corona was
created when L. C. Smith & Bros. united with Corona Typewriter in
1926, with L. C. Smith & Bros. making office typewriters and Corona
Typewriter making portables.
World War II M1903A3 bolt-action rifles
Production shifted from typewriters to various military weapons and parts during World War II. In October 1942, Smith-Corona Typewriter Company began producing M1903A3 Springfield rifles at its plant in Syracuse, with assistance from Remington Arms and High Standard Manufacturing Company.
Subcontractor barrels give unusual collector value to some of these
234,580 Springfield rifles. Serial numbers 3608000 to 3707999 and
4708000 to 4992000 carry the Smith-Corona name on the receiver ring.
While many M1903A3 rifles manufactured by Remington have 2-groove
barrels, most rifles assembled by Smith Corona used 4-groove barrels
manufactured by High Standard, and approximately five thousand of the
barrels finished by High Standard were from 6-groove barrel blanks made
by Savage Arms. Bolts on Remington M1903A3 rifles have a parkerized finish and are stamped with the letter R at the root of the handle; while Smith Corona bolts are blued and usually stamped with a letter X on top of the handle, although some are unmarked. Some extractors on
Smith Corona rifles are stamped with a letter S on the bottom. Stamped
steel stock fittings were generally blued, although some were parkerized
in late production. Butt plates of the Smith Corona rifles were
checkered with 10 or 11 lines per inch, while Remington used 16 lines
per inch. Rifle production ceased on February 19, 1944, when supplies of
standard M1 Garand rifles
were considered adequate. Some of the rifles were never issued, while
others were reconditioned in government armories after service use.
Reconditioned rifles often have substituted parts from Remington or
Springfield manufacture. Most rifles were stored after the war until
many were sold through the Civilian Marksmanship Program in the early 1960s.
The "Speedline" series portables were made from 1939 to 1948.
"Super 5" series portables were made from 1949 to 1960. They are
generally considered to be among the best portable typewriters by
writers and typists.
the war, the company concentrated on making its typewriters more
convenient and efficient for use in business offices. Typewriter sales
peaked after World War II; in response to a demand for typewriters
capable of faster output, Smith Corona introducedelectric typewriters in
1955. Electric portables, intended for traveling writers and business
people, but later widely purchased for general home use, were introduced
in 1957. |